A criminal charge of aiding and abetting or accessory can usually be brought against anyone who helps in the commission of a crime, though legal distinctions vary by state. A person charged with aiding and abetting or accessory is usually not present when the crime itself is committed, but he or she has knowledge of the crime before or after the fact, and may assist in its commission through advice, actions, or financial support. Depending on the degree of involvement, the offender’s participation in the crime may rise to the level of conspiracy.
For example, John draws a floor plan of a bank, knowing of Bob’s intention to rob it. After Bob commits the robbery, Judy agrees to let him store the stolen money at her house. Both John and Judy can be charged with aiding and abetting, or acting as accessories to the robbery.
A knowledgeable criminal lawyer should be able to help you navigate your states distinctions between the many forms an aiding and abetting charge can take.